Photoperiodic control of dormancy in Sedum telephium and some other herbaceous perennial plants PDF Print E-mail

Heide OM: Photoperiodic control of dormancy in Sedum telephium and some other herbaceous perennial plants. Physiologia Plantarum 2001, 113(3):332-337.

The environmental control of dormancy and flowering of the herbaceous perennial Sedum telephium was studied in controlled environments. Short photoperiods induced growth cessation and the formation of resting buds in both seedlings and mature plants, whereas long photoperiods resulted in immediate growth activation of dormant buds. No chilling was required for dormancy release, even in plants induced to dormancy and maintained at high temperature (21degreeC) for more than 3 months. The critical photoperiod for dormancy release was about 15 h, a minimum of four long-day (LD) cycles (24 h) being required. The true photoperiodic nature of this response was ascertained by night interruption experiments. Flowering of S. telephium was found to have an obligatory LD requirement, with no requirement for vernalization. The critical photoperiod and minimum number of inductive cycles for floral induction were the same as for dormancy release. Dormancy release by long days was also obtained in preliminary experiments with three other herbaceous perennials. The eco-physiological significance of photoperiodic control of dormancy is discussed, and it is concluded that the mechanism ensures stability of winter dormancy, even under conditions of climatic warming.

 

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